Klaus North and Stefanie Kares proposed a qualitative model of measuring intelligent cities and regions based on different dimensions of intellectual capital. They argue, for instance, that medieval Ragusa, Bruges in the 13th century, and Tuscany in renaissance are good examples of intelligent cities that prospered by the use and exploitation of their intellectual capital. They were open and learning regions, with good connectivity and social cohesion.
To date, the development of intellectual capital may occur in all fields of the city activity: manufacturing, services, education, research, mobility, communication, health, energy, environmental protection, culture, arts, and leisure.
In any of these fields, they propose ten criteria to assess the development of different forms of intellectual capital: Openness; Vision; Leadership: Cohesion; Self-reflection; Use of ICT; Learning; Connectivity; Initiative; and Experimentation.
This is a mapping approach, to measure the current position of a territory towards intellectual capital development and intelligence. But, it can be also understood as a knowledge or intellectual capital management tool that offers advice on where and how to improve IC in a city or region.
Source: North, K., and Kares, S. (2005) ‘˜Ragusa or How to Measure Ignorance: The Ignorance Meter’ , in Intellectual Capital for Communities, Nations, Regions, and Cities, A. Bounfour and L. Edvinsson (eds), Oxford, Elsevier, pp. 253-264