The yearbook Open Innovation 2013 (with the sub-theme ‘˜Open Innovation 2.0’ ) published by the Directorate-General for Communication Networks, Content and Technology of the European Commission, highlights two main perspectives: firstly, the disruptive nature of Open Innovation 2.0 and, secondly, the nature of open innovation eco ¬systems which are fostering jobs and sustainable growth.
The first part of this yearbook describes the new innovation and research policy approach to the forthcoming Horizon 2020 framework, namely the mash-up and holistic approach, new innovation-supporting instruments such as open and disrup ¬tive innovation, SME instruments as well as more take-up-oriented innovation procurement-oriented instruments.
The second part of this yearbook focuses strongly on open innovation ecosystems. The context of smart(er) cities is interlinked with open innovation both conceptually and through examples in real settings. The challenge is change and transformation towards a smarter city, which is more participative, inclusive and empowering, instead of an imaginary ideal future vision.
There is strong evidence that open innovation in smart cities will drive jobs and growth significantly forward. The innovation ecosystem, in the spirit of Living Labs, brings forward the quadruple helix model where the citizens have a strong say in the innovation process. Thus, it creates, for example, the market for personalised, but modular, services constantly at the pace enabled by ICT development. This, in turn, is crucial when we look at the success rate of innovation in real-world settings, and like ¬wise for the innovation speed and scalability.
POLICY DEVELOPMENT 9
1.1. European Commission innovation strategies and support for innovation ‘” why and how 9
1.2. Innovation ecosystems: a conceptual framework 18
1.3. Why is a European model for start-ups necessary? 30
TRENDS AND COUNTRY REPORTS 34
2.1. Open innovation towards smarter cities 34
2.2. Collaborative innovation ecosystems for solving societal challenges 42
2.3. Innovating with and for the public sector 49
INTERESTING CASES AND EXAMPLES 54
3.1. Open innovation in smart cities: the rise of digital entrepreneurs 54
3.2. Participative innovation in smart urban lighting 59
3.3. Smarter water: why open innovation is essential for managing the world’ s most essential resource 71
3.4. Open data ‘” the new oil for smarter EU cities 76
3.5. Crowdsourcing in large companies 82
3.6. Horizon 2020: Regional Innovation Ecosystems ‘” from theory to practice 87
3.7. FI-WARE Open Innovation Lab: innovation-enabling capabilities for third parties on the Future Internet
Open Innovation 2013: Innovation 2.0: Open Innovation Yearbook 2013
Source: Digital Agenda for Europe