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Developing Strategies for Clean, Efficient Transportation

Leds-transportThe Low Emission Transport Toolkit supports development planners, technical experts, and decision makers at national and local levels to plan and implement low emission transportation systems that support economic growth. This toolkit helps users navigate a variety of resources to identify the most effective tools to build and implement low emission development strategies (LEDS) for the transport sector.

As cities continue to grow, especially in developing countries, there is an increasing need for sustainable transportation that is safe, reliable, and affordable. A low emission development strategy for the transport sector can achieve reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and a sustainable transport system that supports economic growth and other social and environmental co-benefits. The report is a guide for identifying, selecting, designing, and implementing Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) for the transport sector.

Transportation is a complex system that can be organized into three analytical components: institutional, modal, and technological. The institutional component of a transport system is composed of economic and regulatory policies and planning institutions. The toolkit focuses on four types of land transport modes:

  • Non-motorized transport (walking, cycling)
  • Private motorized vehicles
  • Public transport (bus, rail)
  • Freight transport

Lastly, the technology components ensure the effectiveness and efficiency of the multimodal transport system. These include vehicle and fuel technologies, system infrastructure, and innovative tools and organizations.

The toolkit outlines six key steps of the planning and implementation processes:


  1. Evaluate System. Assess the status of the existing transport network and infrastructure.
  2. Create a Baseline. Establish a base measurement of the existing transport system that can be used to compare all future progress against.
  3. Assess Opportunities. Within the Avoid-Shift-Improve framework, assess the transport development opportunities that allow growing transport demand to be met with less environmental impact.
  4. Develop Alternatives. After considering the potential opportunities, establish short-term and long-term objectives for the transport system to match to the previously identified low emission transport development opportunities. Then begin to assess the alternative transport development scenarios for potential implementation.
  5. Prioritize and Plan. Prioritize the transport development scenarios and adopt a sustainable transport development plan.
  6. Implement and Monitor. Initiate the implementation action plan that defines a timetable, roles and responsibilities, financial sources, performance metrics, outreach and partnership activities, and a plan for continuous monitoring and refinement.

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Via: Sustainable Cities Collective | Transportation and Emissions Reduction Techniques