The book “Open Innovation, Open Science, Open to the World – a vision for Europe” brings together some of the key conceptual insights behind the “Three Os” and highlights actions that are already taking place or are being prepared. It is hoped that the ideas and initiatives described in the book will stimulate anyone interested in European research and innovation, encourage debate and lead to new ideas on what the European Union should do, should not do, or do differently.
The Three Open Concepts
The basic premise of Open Innovation is to introduce more actors in the innovation process so that knowledge can circulate more freely and be transformed into products and services that create new markets, fostering a stronger culture of entrepreneurship. The chapter on Open Innovation discusses how the concept has evolved, sets out the links to Open Science and Open to the World, and discusses the practical steps that the Commission will take to create a European Open Innovation ecosystem, in the context of the priorities of the European Commission.
Open Science represents a new approach to the scientific process, based on cooperative work and new ways of diffusing knowledge by using digital technologies and new collaborative tools. The chapter on Open Science discusses how the concept of Open Science has evolved, describes the links to Open Innovation and Open to the World, and examines Open Science in the context of the priorities of the European Commission.
The chapter dedicated to Open to the World discusses how the concept of Open to the World has evolved with the increasing importance of international cooperation in research and innovation and sets out the gains that the EU can make by maintaining its presence at the highest level of international scientific endeavour. It also explains the links to Open Innovation and Open Science, and discusses the Open to the World initiatives that are being taken in the context of the priorities of the European Commission to tackle global societal challenges.