Motivated by the challenges of implementing the recently-proposed Society 5.0, the main contribution of this paper is to propose a sustainable human-centric Smart Community built around a Marketplace of Services. The first main goal of this survey is to suggest an implementation path of Society 5.0, which is currently missing. The second objective and contribution is to review known technologies that are expected to play a significant role in the transition to Society 5.0.
In 2016, the Japanese Government publicized an initiative and a call to action for the implementation of a “Super Smart Society’ announced as Society 5.0. The stated goal of Society 5.0 is to meet the various needs of the members of society through the provisioning of goods and services to those who require them, when they are required and in the amount required. According to the authors, details of a feasible path to Society 5.0 are conspicuously missing.
In this paper a Smart Community is defined as a human-centric entity where technology is used to equip the citizenry with information and services that they can use to inform their decisions. The services offered by the Smart Community can be synthesized, using the latest ICT and digital technology including 3D printing, robotics, Big Data analytics, AI, etc., from a hierarchy of raw resources or other services. The arbiter of this ecosystem of services is a Marketplace of Services that will reward services aligned with the wants and needs of the citizens, while discouraging the proliferation of those that are not. In the limit, the Smart Community as defined above will morph into Society 5.0. At that point, the Marketplace of Services will become a platform for the co-creation of services by a close cooperation between the citizens and their government.
According to the authors, the basic pillars of service provisioning and innovation in a Smart Community are the IoPaTs, cyber-physical systems, that behave like startup companies. The arbiter in the Smart Community is the Marketplace of Services that reflects the need and the willingness to consume services expressed by the population.
Finally, the authors list a variety of open problems and technical challenges that need to be addressed towards the realisation of Society 5.0, including sustainability, ecosystems, innovation and ethical use among others.
You can find the paper here.